Conventional Name: Kingdom of Morocco (Al Mamlikah al Maghribiyah)
Surface area: 450.000 km² (not including Western Sahara)
Comparison with a European country: about 1,5 the size of Italy
Population: 32,4 milions of inhabitants
Young people under 25 Years Old : 47,7 %
GDP/ hab: 4 700 dollars
Ethnic background: Arab and Berber 99,1%
Religions: Sunni Muslims 98%, Christian 1.8%, Jewish 0.2%.
Language: Arabic (official), French (the second official language for the administration and businesses), Berber dialects (not official, but used in some publications, radio and TV programmes)
Currency: 1 Moroccan dirham (MAD) = 100 Centimes (1 Dirham = 0,1 €uro, 31.05.2002)
Unemployment Rate (1999): 23%
Year of independence: 2 March 1956 (from France)
Admitted in the UN : 1956
Member of : League of Arab States, Maghreb Arab Union, W.T.O., Organisation of the islamic Conference (OIC)
Parties to: Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Chemical Weapons Convention (CWP).
State nature: Kingdom
Regime nature : Constitutional monarchy (divine law)
Formalities: no visa; a valid passport for individual travel and a valid identity card for travel tours (as clarified by the Moroccan authorities in late December 2007)
Sources (figures) : Economist Intelligence Unit, UN Population Database, CIA.
- The website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: http://www.maec.gov.ma/EN/default.html
- Major newspapers: Al-Ittihad al Ichtiraki (Socialist Unitied, in French): http://www.bmaroc.com/, Le Matin du Sahara http://www.lematin.ma/, Maroc Soir (in Frech) www.marocsoir.ma
EU - Morocco relations:
- The agreement signed in July 1969 for a period of five years mark the beginning of the EC-Morocco cooperation, linking Morocco to the EEC.
- Morocco plays an important role in regional co-operation under MEDA. This second part of the Barcelona Process provides a multilateral approach in the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. For example, Morocco is a very active partner in the framework of regional cultural cooperation. It took part in five of the six projects of Euromed Audiovisual II, financed by MEDA. In addition, Morocco participates in 11 of the 16 Euromed Heritage projects, aimed to the preservation and development of the Euro-Mediterranean cultural heritage. In terms of horizontal budget lines, Morocco has participated in the MEDA for the Democracy, the Environment, the LIFE Programme, the fight against AIDS, the NGO co-financing and the fight against drugs, benefiting a total of € 14 million of horizontal budget lines.
- The Association Agreement between EU and Morocco, signed in late 1995, came into force in March 2000. Although each Association Agreement is signed by the EU and its Mediterranean partners on a bilateral basis, they share a common set of issues over a period of transition up to 12 years.